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The initial codification of the Rigveda took place during the early Kuru kingdom (c. length of hymns per book) and account for 38% of the text. Some of its verses continue to be recited during Hindu rites of passage celebrations such as weddings and religious prayers, making it probably the world's oldest religious text in continued use.After a scribal benediction ("śrīgaṇéśāyanamaḥ ;; Aum(3) ;;"), the first line has the opening words of RV.1.1.1 (agniṃ ; iḷe ; puraḥ-hitaṃ ; yajñasya ; devaṃ ; ṛtvijaṃ).The Vedic accent is marked by underscores and vertical overscores in red.The Books 8 and 9 of the Rigveda are by far the largest source of verses for Sama Veda. Gods came afterwards, with the creation of this universe. Whether God's will created it, or whether He was mute; Perhaps it formed itself, or perhaps it did not; Only He who is its overseer in highest heaven knows, Only He knows, or perhaps He does not know.The Book 10 contributes the largest number of the 1,350 verses of Rigveda found in Atharvaveda, or about one fifth of the 5,987 verses in the Atharvaveda text. There was neither death nor immortality then; No distinguishing sign of night nor of day; That One breathed, windless, by its own impulse; Other than that there was nothing beyond. The Rigvedic hymns are dedicated to various deities, chief of whom are Indra, a heroic god praised for having slain his enemy Vrtra; Agni, the sacrificial fire; and Soma, the sacred potion or the plant it is made from.
This interplay with sounds gave rise to a scholarly tradition of morphology and phonetics.Of these 30 manuscripts, 9 contain the samhita text, 5 have the padapatha in addition. The various Rigveda manuscripts discovered so far show some differences.Broadly, the most studied Śākala recension has 1017 hymns, includes an appendix of eleven valakhīlya hymns which are often counted with the 8th mandala, for a total of 1,028 metrical hymns.Within each collection, the hymns are arranged in descending order of the number of stanzas per hymn.If two hymns in the same collection have equal numbers of stanzas then they are arranged so that the number of syllables in the metre are in descending order.